|Table H-1. Energy Security Risk Scores and Rankings for 25 Large Energy Using Countries: 2010|
|Country||Score||Large Energy User Group Rank|
This inaugural edition of the International Index of Energy Security Risk (International Index) is designed to complement the annual reports on U.S. Energy Security Risk, first published by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce’s Institute for 21st Century Energy in 2010.
The International Index measures energy security risks across different countries for the years 1980 through 2010. The risk index scores are calculated for the United States and 24 other countries that make up the large energy user group: Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russian Federation, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, and the United Kingdom. The scores for these countries are reported in relation to a reference index representing the average risks for Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) member countries. The OECD average risk index is calibrated to a 1980 base year figure of 1,000.
Mexico was the most energy secure country in the large energy user group with a score 14% below the OECD average (Table H-1). The Ukraine was least secure with a score 131% above the OECD average.
The U.S. ranks as the seventh most energy secure country in the group. With a 2010 score of 964, its energy security risk was about 2% below the OECD average.
In general, countries with large energy resource bases and efficient economies enjoy the greatest comparative energy security. Countries that are not rich in energy resources but exhibit a high degree of energy efficiency also score reasonably well. Conversely, countries that do not use energy efficiently, even with large energy resources, do not score as well.
For many major emerging economies like Brazil, China, India, and South Africa, rapid economic growth since around 2000 has increased energy demand and exacerbated underlying energy security risks. Trends suggest that the energy security risk scores for these countries compared to the OECD average will get worse before they get better.